CAD (computer-aided design) software is a program that enables users to create and edit digital designs for a wide range of applications, including architectural design, engineering, and manufacturing. CAD software typically includes tools for creating and manipulating 2D and 3D models, as well as tools for creating technical drawings, schematics, and other types of diagrams. Some popular examples of CAD software include AutoCAD, SolidWorks, and CATIA.
Part modeling in CAD refers to the process of creating 3D models of individual parts or components using a CAD software. These models can be used for a variety of purposes, such as manufacturing, assembly, and testing.
During the part modeling process, the user will typically start by creating a basic 3D shape, such as a cube or cylinder, and then use various modeling tools to refine and manipulate the shape to create the final part. These tools may include extrusion, sweeping, lofting, and Boolean operations (e.g., union, subtraction, and intersection). The user may also create and apply dimensions and constraints to the model to ensure that it meets specific design requirements.
Additionally, Part modeling software also includes tools for creating and manipulating features such as threads, holes, chamfers, and other types of complex geometries. They also have the ability to create assemblies by combining multiple parts together, and to create detailed drawings and technical documentation of the parts and assemblies.
Part Modeling Workflow
To model a part in CAD, you start by drawing sketches to define feature profiles and paths. You then use commands to apply parametric geometry to the sketched geometry and generate three-dimensional part features. Finally, you combine the features to create parts.
Although you create most features from sketched shapes, or profiles, some features, such as chamfers, fillets, and shells, are well-defined mechanical operations that do not require sketches. Sketched features can join, cut, or intersect with another feature.
You combine features to create complex parts. Features are positioned using geometric constraints and dimensions. If you leave some curves on features undimensioned, you can make the feature adaptive, which means it can change size when you constrain it to fixed geometry in an assembly.